Books and Monographs

  1. Srinivasan, S. 2014, ‘Aesthetics and Foundations of Science: insights from Indian metallurgical traditions’, In: B.V. Sreekantan (ed), Foundation of Sciences, Vol XIII, Part 5, History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian civilization, Delhi: Pearson, pp. 210-254.
  2. Srinivasan, S., 2013, ‘Iconographic trends in Rama worship: Insights from techno-cultural studies of bronzes’, Conference on ‘The Ramayana in Literature, Society and the Arts’, Feb 1-2, CPR Publications, CP Ramaswamy Aiyar Institute of Indological Research, Chennai, pp 345-62.
  3. Srinivasan, S. 2013, ‘Megalithic and surviving binary high-tin bronze traditions in southern India: Tracing binary bronze usage to Harappan times’, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, Springer, 66 (5-6): 731-737.
  4. Srinivasan, S. 2013, “Techno-cultural Perspectives on Medieval Southeast Asia and Southern India: Pallava Bronzes and Beyond”, in Materializing Southeast Asia’s Past: Selected Papers from the 12th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Volume 2, ed. Marijke J. Klokke and Veronique Degroot, pp. 167-78 (Singapore: NUS Press).
  5. Srinivasan, S. 2013, Indian iron and steel, with special reference to southern India, In World of Iron, ed Jane Humphris and T.H. Rehren, London, Archetype Press: pp. 83-90.
  6. Srinivasan, S. 2012, ‘Carving a global icon: The Nataraja bronze and Coomaraswamy’s legacy’, In Asian Art and Culture: A Research Volume in Honour of Ananda Coomaraswamy, Kelaniya: Centre for Asian Studies, p. 245-256.
  7. Srinivasan, S. 2012 ‘Aspects of continuity in bronze and high-tin bronze traditions from pre-history to present day’. Science and metal technology of Harappans. Ed. by Deo Prakash Sharma; Kaveri Books, pp. 179-193.
  8. Srinivasan, S. and Ranganathan, S, 2012, ‘Minerals and metals heritage of India’, Souvenir, XXVI International Minerals Processing Congress, IPMC 2012, New Delhi, Sept. 24-28, 2012, pp. 41-52.
  9. Srinivasan, S. 2012, ‘Swamimalai bronze casting: Chola traditions and changing parameters’, Japan: ISIJ, Sept 2012. Vol 25 (2012), pp 816-820.
  10. Srinivasan, S., 2012, Ranganathan, S. and Suwas, S., ‘Ultra-high carbon steels and high-tin bronzes: insights into mechanical properties and processing from Indian traditional knowledge’, ICSMA-16, 16th International Conference on Strength of Materials, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, p. 57.
  11. Srinivasan, S. (2011), ‘Nataraja and Cosmic Space: Nature and Culture intertwinings in the early Tamil tradition, In Nature and Culture, ed. R. Narasimha, History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, PHISPC Series and Centre for Studies in Civilisation, pp. 271-291.
  12. Srinivasan, S., (2011), ‘Jain bronzes in Karnataka: some art historical and technical aspects’, IUP Journal of History and Culture, 5(2): 1-9.
  13. Srinivasan, S. and S. Ranganathan, 2011, ‘Significance of wootz steel to history of materials science’, ‘Pioneering metallurgy: origins of iron and steel making in the southern Indian subcontinent. Telengana Field Survey, Interim Report 2011’, National Institute of Advanced Studies and University of Exeter, pp. 1-4.
  14. Srinivasan, S., S. Ranganathan, Anderson, J. and Suwas, S. 2011, ‘From the macroscopic to the microscopic: some scientific insights’, ‘Pioneering metallurgy: origins of iron and steel making in the southern Indian subcontinent. Telengana Field Survey, Interim Report 2011’, National Institute of Advanced Studies and University of Exeter, pp. 29-32.
  15. Juleff, G., Srinivasan, S. and Ranganathan, S. 2011, “Telengana Field Survey: post-survey analysis of field data’, ‘Pioneering metallurgy: origins of iron and steel making in the southern Indian subcontinent. Telengana Field Survey, Interim Report 2011’, National Institute of Advanced Studies and University of Exeter, pp. 24-29.
  16. Ranganathan, S. 2011, S. Srinivasan and G.Juleff ‘Crucible steel from India: a major metallurgical accomplishment of antiquity, ‘Ancient and pre-modern production of iron and non-ferrous metals, ISIJ, Japan.
  17. Srinivasan, S. (2010), ‘Megalithic high-tin bronzes and India’s living prehistory’, In: Bellina, B, Pryce, O., Bacus, E., J.W-Christie (eds), ‘50 years of Southeast Asian Archaeology: Essays in Honour of Ian Glover’, Bangkok: River Books, pp. 239-271.
  18. Srinivasan, S. (2010) Cosmic Dance of Shiva: Art, Science and Dance perspectives on Nataraja’, Norton Simon Museum Newsletter, Spring 2010, p.5. & 4 page supplement.
  19. S. Ranganathan, S. Srinivasan, I. Glover, 2010, ‘Indian high-tin bronzes’, Asian High-tin bronzes, Japan Society for Promotion of Science.
  20. Srinivasan, S., Sinopoli, C., Morrison, K., Gopal, R, Ranganathan, S. 2009 ‘South Indian Iron Age iron and high carbon steel: with reference to Kadebakele and comparative insights from Mel-siruvalur’. Metallurgy and Civilisation: Eurasia and Beyond: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on the Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys (BUMA VI), London: Archetype Books, pp. 116-122.
  21. Srinivasan, S. 2009 Social History of Indian metalcrafts: Some archaeometallurgical and ethnoarchaeological insights. In: B.D. Chattopadhyay (ed.) A Social History of Early India, Vol II, Part 5, PHISPC Series, Pearson and Longman, New Delhi, 251-69.
  22. Srinivasan, S. 2009. Singing Rocks (of Neolithic Kupgal, Karnataka), Songlines, 60:54-7.
  23. Srinivasan, S. 2008. Mirrors: Metal mirrors from India. In Selin H. (ed.): Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, Vol. 2, Berlin, Springer Verlag: 1699-1704.
  24. Srinivasan, S. 2008. Megalithic and Early Historic metalwork in southern India: some issues of technology, emergence and transmission. In: Sengupta, G. and Chakraborty, S. (eds): Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia. New Delhi: Pragati Publications with Centre for Archaeological Studies and Training, Eastern India.
  25. Srinivasan, S. 2007. ‘On icons, vessels and mirrors from South India: tracing early use of tin, zinc and high-tin bronze’, Traditions of Science: Cross-cultural perspectives. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd, pp. 157-176.
  26. Srinivasan, S. 2007, On higher carbon and crucible steels in southern India: further insights from Mel-siruvalur, megalithic Kodumanal and early historic Pattinam, Indian Journal of History of Science, 42.4: 673-95.
  27. Srinivasan S. and Glover, I. 2007. Skilled mirror craft of intermetallic delta high-tin bronze (Cu31Sn8, 32.6% tin) from Aranmula, Kerala. Current Science, 93, 1: 35-40.
  28. Srinivasan, S. 2006. Art and Science of Chola Bronzes. Orientations, 37 (8): 46-55. (Coinciding with Royal Academy of Arts exhibition of ‘Chola: Sacred bronzes from southern India)
  29. Srinivasan, S. 2006. Megalithic high-tin bronzes: ethnoarchaeological and archaeometallurgical insights on manufacture and possible artistic and musical significance. Man and Environment XXXI (2): 1-8.
  30. Srinivasan, S. 2006. Art and Archaeometallurgy of Nataraja: Exploring visual metaphors for consciousness. In S. Menon (ed.) Consciousness, Experience and Ways of Knowing: Perspectives from Science, Philosophy and the Arts. Bangalore: National Institute of Advanced Studies, pp. 242-254.
  31. Ranganathan, S. and Srinivasan, S, 2006. A Tale of Wootz Steel. Resonance- A Journal of Science Education, Vol. 11. No. 67-78.
  32. Srinivasan, S. and Ranganathan, S. 2006. Nonferrous materials heritage of mankind. Transactions of Indian Institute of Metals, Vol. 59, 6, pp. 829-846.
  33. Srinivasan, S. 2005. ‘Nataraja reveals cosmic secrets’. Physics and Metaphysics. Best of Speaking Tree. Mumbai: Times Group Books, p. 75.
  34. Srinivasan, S. 2005. ‘Shiva Nataraja in the International Year of Physics’, In: Modern Readings: Miscellany, (co-ordinated by Subbakrishna Rao & Suma Ponnama in celebration of Diamond Jubilee of Select Bookshop), Bangalore: Select Books, p. 180-4.
  35. Srinivasan, S. 2004. ‘Siva as cosmic dancer: On Pallava origins for the Nataraja bronze’. World Archaeology. Vol. 36(3): 432-450. Special Issue on ‘Archaeology of Hinduism.
  36. Srinivasan, S. 2004. ‘Chronology and metal sources of South Indian metal icons’, Archaeology as History: South Asia, ed. H.P. Ray and C. Sinopoli. New Delhi: Indian Council for Historical Research and Aryan Books International, pp. 219-257.
  37. Srinivasan, S. 2004. ‘The cosmic dance of Siva: an icon of science and beyond.’ In S. Menon, B.V. Sreekantan, A. Sinha, P. Clayton and R. Narasimha (eds.) ‘Science and Beyond’. Bangalore: National Institute of Advanced Studies, pp. 98-105.
  38. Srinivasan, S. 2001. Dating the Nataraja dance icon: technical insights. Marg-A Magazine of the Arts 52(4): 54-70.
  39. Srinivasan, S. 1999. Lead isotope and trace element analysis in the study of over a hundred South Indian metal icons. Archaeometry 41(1): 91-116.
  40. Srinivasan, S. 1999. “Preliminary insights into provenance of south Indian copper alloys and images using a holistic approach of comparisons of their lead isotopes and chemical composition with slags and ores”, in Metals in Antiquity. BAR International Series 792. Edited by S. Young, M. Pollard, P. Budd and R. Ixer, pp. 200-11. Oxford: Archaeopress.
  41. Srinivasan, S. 1998. The use of tin and bronze in prehistoric South Indian metallurgy. Journal of Metals, 50(7):44-7, 49.
  42. Srinivasan, S. 1998, An archaeometallurgical approach in the authentication, finger-printing and stylistic re-assessment of south Indian metal icons, Conservation of Cultural Property in India, 39-57
  43. Srinivasan, S. 1998. “Highlights of ancient south Indian metallurgy-technical evidence for the early use of high-tin bronzes, high-carbon steel, metallic zinc, smelting of bronze and cast images, Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloy (BUMA-IV), pp. 79-84. Matsue: Japan Institute of Metals.
  44. Srinivasan, S. 1998. “High-tin bronze working in India: The bowl makers of Kerala”, in Archaeometallurgy in India. Edited by V. Tripathi, pp. 241-51. New Delhi: Sharda Publishing Ltd.
  45. Srinivasan, S. and Glover, I. 1998. High-tin bronze mirrors of Kerala, South India. IAMS Newsletter, 20: 15-7. London: Institute of Archaeometallurgical Studies.
  46. Srinivasan, S. 1997. Present and past of southern Indian crafts for making mirrors, lamps, bells, vessels, cymbals and gongs: links with prehistoric high tin bronzes from Mohenjodaro, Taxila, South Indian megaliths and later finds. Journal of the Society for South Asian Studies 13. 1997: 209-25.
  47. Srinivasan, S. 1997. “The composition of bronze slags from Kalyadi in South India, and the implications for the problem of tin in South Indian antiquity”, in Archaeological Sciences 1995. Ed. A. Sinclair, E. Slater, and J. Gowlett, pp.136-42. Oxford: Oxbow books.
  48. Srinivasan, S. and Glover I. 1997. “Archaeometallurgical implications of new findings of traditional crafts of making high-tin ‘delta’ bronze mirrors and ‘beta’ bronze vessels in Kerala state of South India”, in Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology V, Edited by P. Vandivar, J, Druzik, J. Merkel, and J. Stewart, pp. 81-105. Warrendale: Materials Research Society. Paper received MRS Graduate Student Award.
  49. Srinivasan, S. and Griffiths, D. 1997. “Crucible steel in South India: Preliminary investigations on crucibles from some newly identified sites”, in Material Issues in Art and Archaeology-V. Ed. P. Vandivar, J, Druzik, J. Merkel, and J. Stewart, pp. 111-27. Warrendale: Materials Research Society.
  50. Srinivasan, S. and Ranganathan, S. 1997. “Wootz steel: an advanced material of the ancient world”, in Iron & Steel Heritage of India. Ed. S. Ranganathan, pp. 69-82. Jamshedpur: Indian Institute of Metals & Tata Steel. (http://metalrg.iisc.ernet.in/~wootz/heritage/WOOTZ.htm)
  51. Srinivasan, S. and Ranganathan, S. 1997. “Metallurgical Heritage of India”,.in Golden Jubilee Souvenir, Indian Institute of Science., pp. 29-36. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Science.(http://144.16.66.221/dept/heritage/html)
  52. Srinivasan, S and Glover, I. 1995. Wrought and quenched and cast high-tin bronzes from Kerala state, southern India. Part I. Contemporary manufacture, Journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society, 29(2): 69-75.
  53. Srinivasan, S and Glover, I. 1995. Wrought and quenched and cast high-tin bronzes from Kerala state, southern India. Part II. Scientific investigations, Journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society, 29(2): 75-81.
  54. Srinivasan, S and Glover, I. 1995. Wrought and quenched and cast high-tin bronzes from Kerala state, southern India. Part III. Historical dimension. Journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society, 29(2): 81-87.
  55. Srinivasan, S. 1994. “High-tin bronze bowl making from Kerala, South India and its archaeological implications.” in South Asian Archaeology 1993. Ed. A. Parpola, A. and P. Koskikallio, pp. 695-705. Helsinki: SuomalainenTiedeakatemia.
  56. Srinivasan, S. 1994. Wootz crucible steel: a newly discovered production site in South India. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 5: 49-61. London: University College London.
  57. Srinivasan, S. 1994. “Appendix III. Metallurgical investigations on Late Roman copper and bronze coins from Karur and Madurai”, in Late Roman Copper Coins From South India: Karur and Madurai. Edited by R. Krishnamurthy, pp. 121-33. Madras: Garnet Publications.

Recent Published abstracts from conference presentations

  • Srinivasan, S. ‘Elements of Siva’s dance: : Archaeometallurgical and iconometric approaches in the study of medieval south Indian bronzes’, Bronzes 2013, 18th International Congress on Ancient Bronzes, Zurich, Sept 3th-7th 2013, paper presentation, in press
  • Srinivasan, S., 2013, ‘Iconographic trends in Rama worship: Insights from techno-cultural studies of bronzes’, Conference on ‘The Ramayana in Literature, Society and the Arts’, Feb 1-2, CPR Institute of Indological Research, Chennai, p 55.
  • Srinivasan, S., 2012, Ranganathan, S. and Suwas, S., ‘Ultra-high carbon steels and high-tin bronzes: insights into mechanical properties and processing from Indian traditional knowledge’, ICSMA-16, 16th International Conference on Strength of Materials, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, p. 57.
  • Srinivasan, S. 2012, ‘The Nataraja Bronze: Insights on Art, Technology and Philosophy’, Indian Art and Religion: An Interactive Approach, 21st Session of Indian Art History Congress, Kolkata, 2012, p 113
  • ‘Cosmic inspiration and art in relation to the Shiva Nataraja bronze’, ‘Seventh International Conference on Inspiration of Astronomical Phenomena’, INSAPVII, Bath Royal Literary & Scientific Institution, UK, 25-29, Oct., 2010, p. 41, organized by the Sophia Centre for the Study of Cosmology in Culture, University of Wales and Royal Astronomical Society.
  • Srinivasan, S. Archaeometallurgical and ethnoarchaological insights on copper alloy works and statuary making in Tanjavur district, Tanjavur district, India, Materials and Civilization, The 7th International Conference on the Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys, Sept. 13-17. 2009, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, p. 57.
  • R. Balasubramaniam, Sharada Srinivasan and S Ranganathan, Ancient Indian Iron and Steel and Modern Scientific Insights, Seventh International Conference on the Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys (BUMA-VII) National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore , September 14-17, 2009
  • Srinivasan, S. Sinopoli, C. Morrison, K.D.. Gopal R., Ranganathan, S. 2009, Ferrous metallurgy in first millennium BC South India: Results from Kadebakele, Karnataka. World of Iron Conference, 16-20 Feb 2009, Natural History Museum, London, p. 17.
  • Srinivasan, S. and Balasubramaniam. R.. 2009, Crucible steel and phosphoric iron: Issues of Innovation and Technology from the Indian/Asian context., World of Iron Conference, 16-20 Feb 2009, Natural History Museum, London, p. 23.
  • Srinivasan, S. Balasubramaniam, R. and Jaikishan, S. 2007. On the common microstructural features of wootz steel crucibles from Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Metallo 2007, International conference on Metals and Alloys: Past, Present and Future, IIT Kanpur, 7-10 Dec 2007, p. 194

Others, co-authored/co-presented papers at conferences etc

  • Takekazu.Nagae, Sharada Srinivasan, Srinivasa Ranganathan, R.M.Pillai, Yasuji Shimizu and Haruhisa Mifune, 2013 ‘Thermographical Analysis of Continuing Tradition of Mirror Casting in Kerala’, BUMA VIII, Japan, Sept 11th-14th 2013 (Conference on Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys)
  • Bharat Dixit, Satyam Suwas, Sharada Srinivasan, S Jaikishan and S Ranganathan, 2013, ‘Microstructural analysis of a wootz steel blade from contemporary northern Telangana, BUMA VIII, Japan, Sept 11th-14th 2013, (Conference on Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys)
  • S. Srinivasan and S Ranganathan, ’Telangana archaeomaterials: analytical perspectives Royal Society and DST India-UK Scientific Seminar on ‘Indian iron and steel – developing interdisciplinary applications in archaeometallurgy and geospatial archaeology’ , Exeter University,UK, 7-9 March 2012
  • S, Srinivasan, K. Morrison, C. Sinopoli, K. Gopal and S. Ranganathan ‘South Indian iron age complex of Kadebakele and iron and steel finds’, European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Paris, France, July 2-6, 2012
  • Srinivasan, S. 2012, ‘The Nataraja Bronze: Insights on Art, Technology and Philosophy’, Indian Art and Religion: An Interactive Approach, 21st Session of Indian Art History Congress, Kolkata, 2012
  • Srinivasan, S. 2012, Archaeometallurgy of wootz steel: insights from some productions sites in southern India, Archaeometallurgy of the Deccan, organised by S. Jaikishan, supported by S. Jaikishan. 1st Nov 2012
  • S Ranganathan, Satyam Suwas and Sharada Srinivasan, Thermomechanical processing of highly alloyed ultrahigh carbon steels and high tin bronzes in ancient Indian traditions, Ancient and premodern production of iron and non-ferrous metals in Europe, Middle –east and Asia, ISIJ, Ehime Prefecture, Vol 25 (2012)
  • R. Balasubramaniam, Sharada Srinivasan and S Ranganathan, Ancient Indian Iron and Steel and Modern Scientific Insights, Seventh International Conference on the Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys (BUMA-VII) National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore , September 14-17, 2009
  • G. Juleff, S. Srinivasan, S. Ranganathan, S. Jaikishan and B. Gilmour, , Pioneering Metallurgy:iron and steel making in southern India – survey fieldwork in Andhra Pradesh, IAAH
  • ‘Survey of iron and steel production in northern Telengana, Andhra Pradesh, India and typological classification of archaeometallurgical remains’, H. Thakur, S. Srinivasan, S. Ranganathan, G. Juleff, B. Gilmour, J. Sriperumbudur, Third SOSAA Congress of the Society for South Asian Archaeology, held in University of Kelaniya, Sri-Lanka, 20 – 22 August 2010.
  • ‘Application of Geographical Information System in Archaeometallurgy: A Case study of Telengana wootz production’, N S Nalini, M B Rajani, S. Srinivasan, S. Ranganathan, Gill Juleff, Brian Gilmour, J. Sriperumbudur, Third SOSAA Congress of the Society for South Asian Archaeology, held in University of Kelaniya, Sri-Lanka, 20 – 22 August 2010.
  • ‘Mammayee Festival in the Northern Telengana Region: Insights of a fading tradition’, T. Neogi, S. Srinivasan, S. Ranganathan, G. Juleff, B. Gilmour, J. Sriperumbudur, Third SOSAA Congress of the Society for South Asian Archaeology, held in University of Kelaniya, Sri-Lanka, 20 – 22 August 2010.

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Address:

Dr Sharada Srinivasan
National Institute of Advanced Studies,
Indian Institute of Science Campus,
Bangalore 560012,
India.
Telephone: 91-80-22185125
FAX: 91-80-22185028
E-mail: sharada@nias.iisc.ernet.in sharasri@gmail.com